What substances do these tools screen for?
Tobacco, alcohol, cannabis, cocaine, amphetamines, sedatives, hallucinogens, inhalants, opioids, and other drugs.
The single-item NIDA Quick Screen tool should be used in combination with the NM-ASSIST. A “Yes” response to the NIDA Quick Screen should be followed by administration of the NM-ASSIST.
Are these tools appropriate to use with people with HIV?
The NIDA Quick Screen and NM-ASSIST are recommended for universal screening. However, no study has specifically examined their use among people with HIV.
Who administers and scores the tools?
- Optimally self-administered by clients either electronically or on paper.
- If screening verbally, by a staff person or health care provider who has been trained to administer the NIDA Quick Screen and NM-ASSIST, reading questions as written and not providing any additional information until after completion.
- Scoring should be completed by a trained staff person or healthcare provider.
Have these tools been validated?
Yes, the NIDA Quick Screen and NM-ASSIST tools have been evaluated against multiple substance use screening tools (e.g., CRAFFT, SURP). Sensitivity is found to range between 13% to 82%, and specificity between 85% and 99%, depending on substance.